Testard de Montigny, Jacques

Culture: European - French

Jacques Testard de Montigny was born in Montreal, Quebec, in about 1662. When war broke out between England and France in 1689, Jacques served as a volunteer during the French attacks on Fort Orange and Schenectady, New York. In 1693, he was appointed a Lieutenant with the French colonial troops in Acadia and led groups of Abenaki in raids against the English settlers farther south.

Second in Command

Jacques was Pierre Le Moyne d'Iberville's Lieutenant, or second in command, during Pierre's raids on New England. and on the English Shore of Newfoundland in the fall and winter of 1696-1697. After these attacks, Jacques returned to Quebec but when war broke out again in 1702, he returned to Acadia and led several raids against English settlements in New England.


Jacques had spent a lot of time among Native people in Quebec. During his time there, he had learned fighting techniques and tactics to use when fighting in the forest. Early in 1705, Jacques was back in Newfoundland where he joined French and Abenaki forces from Placentia, then known as Plaisance, and Quebec in their attack on Bay Bulls, Petty Harbour and St. John's. After St. John's had been reduced to ashes, Jacques led a combined force of French and Abenaki in an assault on the English settlements in Conception and Trinity Bays. This attack lasted from March 5 to June 6, 1705. During this time, almost every settlement in the two bays was burned to the ground. Many of the English settlers were sent to Placentia in chains.

A Return to Quebec

After this, Jacques returned to Quebec and continued to fight until the war with England finally ended in 1713. In 1712, he received the Cross of the Order of Saint-Louis in recognition of his contributions to the French war effort. Jacques spent most of the rest of his life in Montreal and died there on July 9,  1737. He was about 75 years old.

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